martes, 19 de febrero de 2008

Participio activo

El participio activo o participio presente es una derivación del verbo que lo transforma en un adjetivo o un sustantivo; con un ejemplo se ve claro: "cantar"->"cantante/que canta"; "escribir"->"escritor/escribiente/que escribe".

-Su formación es sencilla:

--Los verbos básicos añaden "-ala" y alargan la súndoma.

·Quet- ->Quétala (hablante/que habla)
·Mat- ->Mátala (comiente/que come)
·Vil- ->Vílala (volador/volante/que vuela)

--Los verbos derivados añaden "-la" y alargan la súndoma.

·Cenda- ->Cendala (lector/leyente/que lee)
·Mitta- ->Mittala (entrante/que entra)


--Puede ser usado como adjetivo,acompañando a un sustantivo; sin embargo, no tiene plural (no coincide en número con el nombre).

·I vílala wilwarin ná vanima (La mariposa voladora es bella)
·Súcala Naucor caitëar nu laica alda (Unos enanos que beben están tumbados bajo un árbol verde)
·Elrond ná istala Elda (Elrond es un elfo que sabe)

--También se puede usar como un sustantivo. En este caso, sí tiene plural; de hecho, se puede declinar como si fuera un nombre cualquiera.

·Antuvalyë i parma cendalan [cenda-la-n](Le darás el libro al lector)
·I Naucor nar márë mátalar [mát-ala-r](Los enanos son buenos comedores)
·Anga ar telpë cáralava [cár-ala-va] (Hierro y plata de constructor)

--El participio activo se puede utilizar para construcciones del tipo "mientras hacía tal, sucedió tal" o "haciendo tal, sucedió tal".

·Mótala, i táno hlarnë yelderya [Móta-la] (Mientras trabajaba duro, el artesano escuchaba a su hija).
·Cólala i yáve, mátëanyë culuma [Cól-ala] (Llevando la fruta/Mientras llevo la fruta, me como una naranja).

Fuentes->Wikibook de Quenya, Curso de Baranduin, The Council of Elrond

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